Adaptation towards climate change
The adjustment of human and natural systems towards the impact they suffer from the effects of climate change.
The United Nation’s Convention on Climate Change (CCNUCC) set up a global framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenges faced by climate change. It recognizes that the climate system is a shared resource whose stability can be effected by the industrial emission of CO2 and other various greenhouse gases.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(GIEC) use this term to refer to all changes in climate, whether caused by natural variables or human activity.
Climate Change Mitigation
Measures contributed in efforts to stabilize concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
The COP, or Conference of Parties is responsable for the maintenance of international efforts to address and confront climate change. This institution is the highest authority in decision making of the UN’s Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques (CCNUCC).
Eco citizenship is a component of the ideology of citizenship, which refers to the rights, environmental duties and responsibilities one undertakes. Being an eco citizen is doing your part in safeguarding the environment and contributing to the dynamics of sustainable development.
This term describes the pliancy of the ecosystem after suffering a disturbance or a significant sampling extraction. The less an ecosystem (forest, lake…) is resilient, the more sensitive it is towards external factors(pollution, extraction of resources..) and climate change.
Erosion of Biodiversity
Biological diversity-or biodiversity- is a term attributed to all forms of life on earth and the natural features they present. The erosion of biodiversity refers to the depletion of the latter. This phenomenon is mainly caused by the loss of species due to the modification, alteration and fragmentation of the their habitats.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change( GIEC) was established in 1988 to provide detailed assessments on the condition of scientific, technical and socio economic information in regards to the various elements of climate change. Such elements include the causes, potential repercussions and response strategies towards climate change.
Greenhouse Gases (GHG) are gases that absorb infrared radiation emitted by the earth’s surface which in turn contributes and increases the greenhouse effect. Whether caused by natural processes or human activity, the increase in the atmosphere’s concentration exceeds it’s threshold , making it one of the origins of the phenomenon of global warming.
Sustainable development is a type of development that responds to the needs of the present without compromising the future generation’s ability to respond to theirs. As defined by The Earth Summit in Rio, it is economically efficient, socially equitable and ecologically sustainable.
Sustainable mobility ( Eco mobility)
Most frequently practiced in urban areas, eco mobility-or sustainable mobility- is a relatively new notion. It regroups aspects of transport management such as promotion, conception and implementation of different modes of transport with consideration for the environment.
The Kyoto protocol
Signed in December 1997, The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty issued at the signatories’ third conference at the convention of Rio. 38 industrialized countries pledged to reduce 6 types of greenhouse gas emissions by signing this protocol. These countries committed to reducing an average of 5.2% of emissions between 2008-2012 compared to the 1990 levels of gas exertion.