In a report published recently and dubbed “the global challenges of the biosphere”, the royal institute of strategic studies underlines that, by the 21st century, humanity stands at one of the great crossroads of its history.
This is yet another report that alerts humanity to imminent threats related to climate change. The report recently published by the Royal Institute of Strategic Studies (IRES) is categorical: “Today humanity consumes the equivalent of 1.5 planets in 2015 and in 2050, in the absence of any change; humanity could consume the equivalent of the annual production of 2.8 planets “.
This strategic report 2017 under the title “Panorama of Morocco in the world: the global challenges of the biosphere” paints a gloomy picture of the destruction of aquatic ecosystems that may follow. Indeed, Asia, Africa and Latin America (including Brazil) may be the most affected: increase of 20% in the number of lakes touched by the proliferation of harmful algae by 2050 in comparison with 2000. The primary forest of Congo and 40% of Amazon forest may disappear by 2050. The most threatened forests are in Latin America, Russia, Canada and South-East Asia and Africa, read the report. Also according to the same source, the quantity of plastic found in oceans may multiply by 5 between 2014 and 2050.
How, by 2050, to keep ensuring water security and food production while drinking water stocks are rapidly deteriorating and the world’s population may increase by more than a quarter?” asks the RISS. As a result, the outlook for ecological footprint development by 2050 indicates a 55% increase in global water demand, due to the increase in population and the intensification of human activities, while the decrease in water volume could reach 66%.
How to fight climate change (decrease of emissions and storage of C02) without causing; today, a degradation of the survival conditions of the local populations and without altering the possibilities of survival for the next generations? These are some of the issues pointed out by the report.
In conclusion, The RISS emphasizes that by the twenty-first century, humanity stands at one of the great crossroads of its history. “Where it plays the card of the total artificialization of its universe and its own organism as transhumanism suggests, on the detriment of nature and must in this case be prepared to exploit its spatial environment: the solar system, where it transforms , as of now, its production and consumption patterns to establish a new partnership with its natural environment: the biosphere that gave it life, “says the last part of the report.
It also added that “by choice or by default, change will take place in this century because the gravity of the situation and the multiplicity of its impacts will not allow us to wait any longer. As time passes, the changes will be drastic, rapid and leave a significant part of humanity on the “roadside”.